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When do I need to file my Belgian income tax return?

00:57 01/06/2024

The paper tax return must be filed by 30 June 2024. This means the tax return must hit the letterbox of the scanning centre in Jambes (near Namur) or in Ledeberg (near Ghent) on that day. Don't leave it to the last minute. Putting the tax return in the mail on the 25th may be too late. 

If you missed the deadline, you can still file online until 15 July 2024. Plan ahead; Tax-On-Web tends to get overloaded.

Some taxpayers can file until 16 October 2024 because they have “complicated tax returns”. That is the case for self-employed freelancers, for company directors, or for taxpayers who have overseas earnings or pensions or who you pay your spouse or civil partner a salary. You used to be able to get a three months’ extension by giving a power of attorney to an accountant or a tax adviser; that is not the case any more.

If you aren't living in Belgium, or if you have the expatriate tax status, the paper filing deadline for non-residents is much later, usually in October (on paper) or, if you or your tax adviser file online, two weeks later. 

When do I receive my tax return? 

The tax authorities must send your tax return to you five weeks before the deadline. They will generally have been sent during the month of May. Tax-On-Web can already be accessed from the beginning of May. Non-residents will only be able to access Tax-On-Web from September.

It's 1 June and I haven't received my tax return yet

If you filed your tax return online last year, that is normal. Once you file online, the tax authorities assume that you want to continue filing online and they do not send you a paper tax return any more. However, when you sign off for your you can tick a box before submitting your tax return online, you can tick a box to request a on tax-on-web to ask the tax authorities to send you a paper tax return next the following year.

If you want a paper tax return or if you have not received your tax return yet, you must contact your local tax office and ask them to send you a form. If you have difficulties locating your tax office, check page 2 of last year's tax bill (under ‘Calcul’), check the website of the Finance Ministry or call 0257 257 57. This is a call centre that answers most tax questions. 

This is also where you should go if you lost or misplaced your tax return. Do not use a photocopy of a friend’s tax return; that would only get you both in trouble.

I am late 

If you forget to file (or to sign online), you risk a fine between €50 and €1,250 and a penalty of 10% to 200% of the tax. The highest penalties are really for persistent repeat offenders. What is more important is that the taxman can just ignore your tax return when he assesses the tax.

More from our 2024 income tax guide

  1. When do I need to file my Belgian income tax return?
  2. Belgian income tax returns for families
  3. Online or on paper?
  4. Filing online
  5. Understanding the paper tax return
  6. Checklist: What documents do you need?
  7. The return in detail
  8. Belgian income tax: There's nowhere to hide
  9. A guide to cross-border taxation
  10. Help! Where to get assistance with your tax return
  11. Understanding your Belgian income tax bill
  12. How do I appeal?
  • This guide was written by Marc Quaghebeur, an international tax lawyer at Cabinet DAVID. It is a general introduction based on current understanding of the law. It is not to be taken as a suitable alternative for individual advice. If you have a question, you can contact him by clicking on his name.
Written by The Bulletin



And also I wonder about tax rate: "Belgium has a corporate tax rate of 33.99%. Companies that operate under VAT have to pay tax on purchases at 21%. Certain services, like those related to food, water, pharmaceuticals, domestic transport, printed books, periodicals, and others, benefit from a 12% VAT rate." (Source: )
Is that information still relevant due to the recent crisis?

Apr 2, 2020 14:16